This report presents CREDE's five standards for effective pedagogy: joint productive activity, language and literacy development, meaning making, complex thinking, and instructional conversation. The standards emerge from principles of practice that have proven successful with majority and minority at-risk students in a variety of teaching and learning settings over several decades. Each standard is accompanied by a set of indicators and illustrated with examples from classrooms. 1998. (RR 4). (41 pp).
Stephanie Stoll Dalton
Center for Research on Education, Diversity & Excellence